Just 1 in 3 Internet users has implemented strong privacy settings despite nearly half having encountered malware and 48 percent experiencing a financial threat in the last 12 months, according to a new survey of consumer behaviour that suggests most users still have a long way to go in securing their online activities.
Fully 13 percent of 12,355 respondents from 26 countries who participated in Kaspersky Labs' Consumer Security Risks 2015 survey, conducted by B2B International – including 402 from Australia – said they don't take any precautions at all to protect their privacy and 14 percent said they had lost a mobile device or had it stolen. In such cases, 15 percent of the data lost was never recovered – and of those recovered, the median cost of recovery was $US682 ($A950).
The figures reflect the growing dependence on mobile devices, with 23 percent saying their online access was mainly through a mobile device and ready access to mobile Internet driving a median of 18 hours' Internet usage per week; some 26 percent said they spend over 4 hours per day online.
Much of that activity related to financial or sensitive information, with 63 percent of tablet and 58 percent of smartphone users saying they worked while mobile; online shopping (48 percent and 41 percent), online banking (42 percent and 44 percent), using online payment systems or digital wallets (28 percent and 27 percent), and online data storage (33 percent and 27 percent) were all popular applications that involved sensitive information.
The survey also found that users are quite happy to use communications services they don't feel are secure, with 70 percent saying photo-messaging apps like Snapchat are insecure, 62 percent saying the same about instant-messaging applications, and just 52 percent believing SMS/MMS messages are not secure.
Similarly, even though they regularly store sensitive information on their portable devices – 37 percent store files for work use, 25 percent stored “sensitive information I would not want others to see” and 23 percent stored banking details – some 37 percent of smartphone users were happy to use free public Wi-Fi services despite their being a well-known security concern.
Fully 13 percent said they used free Wi-Fi services to log onto websites and accounts, while 8 percent used the access points to shop or bank online. Just 26 percent said they would limit their activities when using public Wi-Fi services in order to reduce their security exposure.
The findings were worrying for Kaspersky Lab ANZ managing director Andrew Momonitis, who noted in a statement that “when we’re offline we’re always on guard, but when it comes to the Internet the self-preservation instinct often fails us.
“And, of course,” he continued, “today everything has a digital format: our personal life, intellectual property and money. All this requires that we adopt the same kind of responsibility as in real life, as the cost of making a mistake online can be just as high.”
The survey also revealed that users' ability to avoid differentiate legitimate and phishing Web sites was limited: only 24 percent of respondents could identify genuine Web pages without also selecting a phishing page, while 58 percent chose only phishing sites and did not select any legitimate sites.
One in 10 users was prepared to open an attached file without checking it and 19 percent said they would disable a security solution if it tried to prevent the installation of a program they wanted to install.
User apathy over security has been a common theme in recent surveys, with a recent Galaxy Research study finding poor password hygiene amongst Australian users, poor control over BYOD mobile devices by businesses, and a lack of security and app-development expertise amongst mobile developers who are struggling to add adequate security protections to their mobile apps.
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