Indonesia drives Asia-Pacific regional surge as malware source: Akamai

Indonesia emerged as a significant source of Internet attack traffic during the first quarter of 2013 while the percentage of global attacks traced to the Asia-Pacific region increased significantly over the previous period, according to the latest Akamai State of the Internet report.

fourth quarter of 2012, with 80 per cent of observed attacks launched over just 10 IP ports.

Significant growth in attacks targeting port 80 (HTTP) and 443 (SSL) was observed, with Indonesia named as the source of most of those attacks. This was a significant change from the previous quarter, when Indonesia wasn’t even on the charts and China was by far the single largest source of attacks, with 41 per cent of all attacks.

In the current report, Chinese sources were responsible for 34% of attacks – but Indonesia, which didn’t rate in the previous quarter, has now surged to become the source of 21% of the world’s malicious attacks.

By contrast, the United States dropped from 10% to 8.3% in the previous quarter. Rounding out the top five were Turkey (4.7 per cent vs 4.5 per cent) and Russia (2.7 per cent vs 4.3 per cent).

Thanks to Akamai’s strong market penetration in content delivery, the Akamai report reflects a broad cross-section of global Internet usage. The company noted continuing increase in usage, with the number of unique IPv4 addresses it carried growing to nearly 734 million – a 3.1 per cent increase on the previous quarter.

Average global connection speed climbed 4.0 per cent to 3.1Mbps, while global average peak connection speed great 9.2 per cent to 18.5Mbps. South Korea had the fastest connection speed on average (14.2Mbps), while Hong Kong had the fastest average peak connection speeds at 63.6Mbps.

Increasing connection speeds carry an associated risk in terms of the volume of traffic for attacks such as distributed denial of service (DDoS), of which Akamai customers recorded 208 during the quarter.

Yet this fact may be good news for the security posture of Australia, which was named as the source of just 0.2 per cent of attack traffic (New Zealand was the source of just 0.1 per cent of all traffic): the country’s overall broadband ranking remained relatively low, with average connection speeds of 4.7Mbps making it the 41st fastest country on that metric.

Average peak connection speed was 26.3Mbps, which represented a 9.3% quarter-on-quarter increase but still only ranked the country 37th globally. Australia was similarly ranked in terms of high broadband (>10Mbps) connectivity – which at 4.8 per cent ranked 36th in the world – and overall broadband connectivity, which actually decreased 5.6 per cent quarter-on-quarter to 37 per cent for a world ranking of 44th.

“We have seen overall increases in average and peak connection speeds along with greater broadband penetration,” said report editor David Belson in a statement. “The levels of malicious activity we’ve observed show no signs of abating, as evidenced by the ongoing rise in DDoS attacks. This reinforces the need for vigilance by organisations that are conducting business and maintaining a presence on the Internet.”

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