Microsoft was the first to partner with the NSA in 2007, according to the once-secret PRISM PowerPoint deck. Other big-name tech companies followed, and even the obscure PalTalk joined the fray. But, quite conspicuously, Twitter never joined the government snooping program--there's no reference to the company in the NSA document.
Twitter was founded in 2006, and certainly over the course of PRISM's development, Twitter has evolved into a major platform. You would expect it to catch the attention of the NSA--along with Facebook, Google, Yahoo, Apple and other companies that apparently gave the government their buy-in.
So, why wasn't Twitter among the who's who of PRISM partners? While much is unknown about the NSA program, we spoke with digital privacy experts to explore three possible reasons for this notable omission.
Twitter is a low priority
"Whenever spies start sifting, they develop an insatiable thirst for data," John M. Simpson, the director of Consumer Watchdog's privacy project, told TechHive. "But they may also be prioritizing. Much of what is available on Twitter is publicly accessible. There really isn't much in the Twitter business model that incorporates much private back and forth."
Of course, Twitter does have ways to transmit information privately, such as communicating via non-public direct messages, or maintaining a "locked" account that would only be accessible to those with approved access. However, even with these privacy controls in place, Twitter's minimalist nature isn't very suitable for transferring large sets of information.
"The [other companies included in the Prism program] make up a larger, richer, more substantive base of information than Twitter," says Jeramie Scott, the National Security Fellow for the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC). "Given the limits [of what] you can input for any particular tweet, the amount of information is lower than what you can access in other services," Scott told TechHive.
The fact that Twitter only allows for a single beefy nugget of information in any particular tweet may have made it a low priority for the NSA. Indeed, if a terrorist (or anyone the government wants to snoop on) funnels his most sensitive information into emails, phone calls, and video chats, it would make sense that PRISM would first partner with platforms for those avenues of communications.
Twitter is more privacy aware
For its part, Twitter has proven itself far more willing to defend the privacy of its users from government requests than other technology companies.
"Twitter does have a history for protecting users' privacy. They went to bat when the government wanted information on Occupy Wall Street or Wikileaks. They've offered more pushback than most tech companies," says Scott of EPIC.
In July of 2012, Twitter notably appealed a court order to turn over the once-public tweets of an Occupy Wall Street protester. After a lengthy court battle, the company eventually relinquished the tweets under threat of a fine and contempt-of-court action.
Of the 18 tech companies evaluated by the Electronic Frontier Foundation for their records in protecting user data from government snooping, Twitter was one of only two companies to receive a six-star rating out of a possible six (the other was Sonic.net). "If [Twitter] was in fact asked to be part of the program, I'd like to think that they rejected for the right reasons" says Simpson. "The others companies that did take part should be ashamed of themselves."
Twitter is involved with the NSA (we just don't know it yet)
As of writing this, Twitter has not released an official comment on PRISM, nor did it respond to comment for this story. The usphot is that Twitter isn't implicated in the NSA PowerPoint deck, but we really don't know what is going on behind closed doors (or closed server rooms).
The slides obtained by The Guardian were dated April 2013, so we can assume that they are fairly up-to-date as to the status of the program. But that doesn't mean Twitter hasn't been approached by the NSA.
"Just because the PowerPoint slides featured in the Guardian and Washington Post reporting had a timeline of when each tech firm signed up, it does not preclude that others are involved in the program," says Simpson. "So we don't know for sure that Twitter is not being used for something. My cynical worldview is that the Orwellian government agents may simply not have gotten around to it."